The DNA of Jurassic Park

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Velociraptor (Film Universe)
There are three distinct variations of Velociraptor which were cloned by InGen, not counting sexual dimorphism seen within each individual version. However, despite the surface level variations, each sub-species remains relatively similiar in terms of physical attributes. Each species is roughly 6 feet tall…

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‘Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom’ Viral Website Answers Questions While Creating All New Mysteries

Get ready for a deep dive into Ingen’s secrets and inconsistencies.

Alongside the ‘Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom’ Super Bowl trailer earlier this month, the viral website for Dinosaur Protection Group formally launched with a trove of new information and images. The DPG is a fictional organization introduced in the upcoming Jurassic Park sequel founded by Claire Dearing (Bryce Dallas Howard), with the goal of gaining public and financial support to save the dinosaurs of Isla Nublar from the ‘extinction level’ eruption of the once dormant Mount Sibo.

Claire’s ambition to save the dinosaurs is driven by not only an empathetic bond to animals in need, but the moral responsibility of those who created the dinosaurs to save them from a doomed fate – a fate humanity dictated due to their unnatural forced containment and isolation. The DPG argues mankind must be held accountable for the life they’ve created, for better or worse, and it’s their obligation to save the dinosaurs via relocation or other means.

Thus, the ‘in-universe’ intent of the Dinosaur Protection Group website is to educate the world not only about the prehistoric life created through de-extinction, but to also help the public better understand the history of InGen’s actions, and the range of impact the epochal company has induced.

In a new DPG update today, the groundwork is set for explaining many of the mysteries of the Jurassic universe (such as why was the Spinosaurus not on InGen’s list, for starters). But before we go that far, it’s best to understand the lay of the land – after the San Diego incident in 1997, the Gene Guard Act was passed by the US House Committee in collaboration with InGen. The act rewarded currently existing dinosaur species the same rights as naturally existing endangered species, protected the islands from outsiders, and outlawed furthered creation of extinct prehistoric fauna.

This act was put into place before John Hammond passed away, and at the time InGen was fully committed to upholding a greater standard of ethics, standing as guardians of these majestic animals from the past. The restrictions would remain enforced when Masrani Global acquired InGen in 1998, though it was later discovered the company neglected the law well before the sanctions were dropped in 2003 (note: those sanctions were later discovered to be removed under illegal pretenses such as bribery).

The breaches in the Gene Protection Act began as soon as 100 days after Masrani Globals acquisition of InGen, and led to the creation of the Spinosaurus, Ankylosaurus, Ceratosaurus, and Corythosaurus* (all new species which first appeared in Jurassic Park 3). Curiously, the Jurassic Park 3 Ankylosaurus varies from that seen in Jurassic World – perhaps it’s an example of sexual dimorphism, where the males of the species have a different body structure and a splash of red on their face. The aformentioned file leak dates to 1997, prior to the acquisition; presumably any new variation of dinosaur seen in ‘World’ not listed as illegally cloned was created after 2003.

*Note: Despite what the DPG says, the Corythosaurus was not cloned illegally, and existed on Isla Sorna prior to the Gene Protection Act. It can be seen as part of the species list in ‘The Lost World: Jurassic Park’.

The files also point to the breeding Velociraptors, and much like Grant did, assumes Frog DNA is to blame. However, this does not take into account that modern reptiles and birds have been observed changing sex, and breeding in nature. As birds are a direct decedent of dinosaurs, and share the common archosaur ancestory with reptiles, it can be assumed that particular genetic ability evolved naturally. Hence, even without the frog DNA, dinosaurs would likely find a way to breed in certain circumstances. This is further evidenced by the documented breeding of Stegosaurs, Triceratops, Tyrannosaurs, Gallimimus, Pteranodons, and in all likelihood, numerous other species (for example sexual dimorphism can be observed in Parasaurolophus with green females, and orangeish males).

What the InGen file leak does not account for is the curious omission of Proceratosaurus, both a species on the Jurassic Park map, and a viable embryo stolen by Dennis Nedry – perhaps this can be explained by carelessness in InGens archival of information, or it was scrubbed from record for even more nefarious motives. Further anomalies that are yet to be explained are the separate sub-species of Velociraptor, Brachiosaurus, and Pteranodon observed on Isla Sorna during the events of Jurassic Park 3.

The latest DPG blog entry is vague on the status of Isla Sorna – it’s alluded that InGen at least claimed they moved all species to Isla Nublar, however the likelihood of that being true or possible seems slim at best – especially as many of the species of Sorna are nowhere to be found on Nublar. While one may account that to population extinction, earlier DPG updates suggest the only known extinctions are Metriacanthosaurus and Edmontosaurus on Isla Nublar only.

There is a lot more to dig into on the Dinosaur Protection Group website, such as dinosaur population counts from 1993 to 1997, illustrating the various survival rates and hunting patterns of the animals on both islands. Further, it showcases that some of the new dinosaurs seen in ‘World’ were species InGen aspired to create via incomplete genomes during the ‘Park’ era, such as the Dimorphodon and Allosaurus.

This is an exciting time to be a Jurassic Park fan, and further dig into the canon of the films. Be sure to check the website out, and sound off on what you think of this latest lore expansion!

Source: Dinosaur Protection Group


51 thoughts on “‘Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom’ Viral Website Answers Questions While Creating All New Mysteries

  1. The Ingen list says by December 1996 the Suchomimus was 75% complete, but the dino was discovered in December 1997 and named in November 1998…

    1. I was going to say it would have been 75% complete DNA of an unknown genus, but, yeah, the first page of the document is clearly dated 1996. We’d have to assume the image of Section 2.1 (inactive species) was from a later version of the document, after InGen knew what they had. Only way for it to make sense.

  2. On their website there’s one poster with the dinosaur names and some of them are in red. Does that mean these are already extinct?

      1. That could be, but if you look at the original map of Jurassic Park, you’ll see that Segisaurus and Herrerasaurus are on it, so that doesn’t match that theory.
        I’m afraid they’re extinct and that probably means we don’t have a spinosaurus in Fallen Kingdom.

    1. Those in red are the extinct dinosaurs. I deduced that from looking at the Isla Nublar Jurassic World website when it showed which species are endangered or extinct. But what’s REALLY cool is that we FINALLY got InGen’s list!!!!! 🙂

        1. It does. The new article says that almost all surviving dinosaurs on Sorna were transported to Nublar in the years between 2001 (when JP3 happened) and 2005 (opening of Jurassic World) and that Sorna is now an empty, barren place. This means that all the species from Sorna were on Nublar in the beginning of Jurassic World and that some species died of there. That’s why the red dinosaurs on the list are now extinct, because the last remaining animals of those species died on Nublar in Jurassic World and are also not living on Sorna anymore, because they were shipped to Nublar before the opening of Jurassic World.

  3. I would like to offer a few credible, in-Universe suggestions and ideas to help explain certain design changes we see concerning the Dinosaurs in the Jurassic Park film franchise. And ONLY the films, as they are their own canon. The novels, comics and videogames are purposefully ignored.
    Here goes.
    So before Jurassic World, there was some debate between viewers about the historic accuracy of the Dinosaurs in the films. Things like ‘because they don’t have feathers, they’re inaccurate and need to be changed’… That kind of nonsense. However the conversation between Henry Wu and Simon Masrani in Jurassic World has completely closed that topic for good. It has been confirmed that the Dinosaurs of Jurassic Park do not resemble their historic counterparts because they are all, in fact, mutants. Their genomes were completed with the DNA of various, modern species. Their development twisted with growth hormones. This ultimately causes physical and behavioural differences between what the fossil record shows and what INGEN’s Dinosaurs show. In the first film it was revealed that at least one species of Frog was used in completing the genetic codes of the animals. In Jurassic World it is revealed that a myriad of other creatures are used to create them. For example in the film we see various reptile and amphibian species in the labs being used in MASRANI/INGEN’s de-extinction process. Also the Lego website for Jurassic World states that genetic material from the Black-Throated Monitor Lizard was in part used to create the Raptor ‘Blue’. And of course, the Indominus rex, while being the first hybrid of separate Dinosaur species, also went through the same method of having modern creatures incorporated into her makeup. This, as we know, allowed for her ability to camouflage and cool her body temp.
    Therefore, we can reasonably conclude that this method INGEN used is also what gave the Dilophosaurus it’s frill and spitting ability, features it’s historic counterpart lacked. Likewise, the jacked up Spinosaurus and the Raptor’s changes in appearance between films can also be explained this way.
    And this leads to my in-universe theory which deals with the design changes seen throughout the films. For example, the Raptors in the films are different in each instalment. And so I would like to suggest that they are actually different ‘versions’ INGEN experimented with. They always had to use the DNA of other creatures to fill the genome, but still tried to remain as close to people’s expectations as possible. The version we see in Jurassic Park 3 is clearly Wu’s failed attempts at engineering Velociraptors with feathers. They even have Parrot-like eyes. One version is what we see in the first and second films, with the males being orange and striped and the females, dull and brown. These were bred on Sorna and Nublar. Then we have the eggs and hatchling in the first film. We know all the animals were bred on Isla Sorna, so why did we see eggs and hatchlings in Jurassic Park? Well these eggs and the hatchling Grant holds were perhaps intended to be hand raised by man and overseen directly by Hammond in the hopes that they would be less problematic. This is perhaps why Hammond states that he wants to be there for every birth so they can imprint on him. Fast forward to Jurassic World however and Wu finally picked up where he left off, resulting in the Squad that Owen Grady hand-raised and trained.

    As for the egg fragments and footprints Grant and the kids find in the wild. It is clear to me that before the Raptors were quarantined, they bred in their original enclosure and these are the result of that.
    The Pteranodon is a species that underwent several revisions too, causing physical and behavioural changes. There are at least three versions of Pteranodon that INGEN created as seen in the films. The version in Jurassic World, we learn on the official website, dislikes loud noises, which is why they go crazy at the chopper and the Indominus roar. The version at the end of JP3, we learn, are larger, migratory and incredibly aggressive, which is why they were left caged on Sorna instead of being released like everything else during the hurricane. Obviously INGEN didn’t want their animals leaving the island (especially anything dangerous).
    As for the Spinosaurus, it was an experiment-gone-wrong abandoned to fend for itself after the hurricane wiped out the facilities on Sorna. The Masrani website archives state that the Spinosaurus was an ‘accident’. It seems that Henry Wu was experimenting with hybrids long before Jurassic World opened it’s doors to the public. He also tried to engineer Velociraptors with feathers, but only succeeded in small crests.
    Remember that Isla Sorna was a research and breeding facility. We see in JP3 that there were a myriad of failed experiments in the labs. Their de-extinction process was not as cut and dry as Hammond made it out to be, or perhaps, believed it to be. Alan Grant was correct in his accusation. INGEN were responsible for creating monsters. Sometimes harmless monsters that behaved just like regular animals, but monsters none-the-less. And their lack of ethics and intense desire to innovate is ultimately what gave birth to the horrifying Indominus rex.

    Finally, after the hurricane on Sorna, we know the animals were all released (save the migratory Pternodons). They began adapting and taking up territory in different areas of the island. TLW takes place on the eastern side and JP3 takes place on the west/southwest. Sorna is split by large rivers and at least one canyon which would ensure many species never interact. Two versions of the Raptors, for example, took up residence on opposite sides of the island. This is why only one version is encountered in each film.

    In Jurassic World, It is confirmed that INGEN created it’s Dinosaurs to meet the expectations of the public, the DNA used to complete their genomes also caused the animals to differ physically from their historic counterparts. Any physical changes between the same species can be considered to be different versions produced by INGEN using the DNA of different modern animals.

    Then there’s the age of ‘Rexy’ that people take issue with, she was approximately 5 years old and fully grown during the Isla Nublar Incident. INGEN had purposefully engineered the animals to reach maturity in this time. Jurassic World’s Apatosaurs reach maturity in 10 years. Jurassic World opened in 2005 and has been open for the past 10 years. Giving ‘Rexy’ a rough age of 28. It is unknown what the lifespan of most INGEN Dinosaurs are however 28 does not seem relatively old for a Tyrannosaur given the comparison that some birds can live for over 100 years, Salt Water Crocodiles can live between 70-100 years and the oldest Cassowary in captivity was approximately 50 years old. Brachiosaurs have been confirmed to live over 100 years.

    And lastly, the Tyrannosaurus rex that the Spinosaur killed in JP3 was perhaps the infant that was treated for a broken leg in The Lost World. It had formed it’s own territory in the West of the Island and was living peacefully until Grant, Billy and the Kirby’s led the Spinosaurus right into it. The Tyrannosaurus was defending it’s territory and died as a result. We can assume it was a different animal, but how many massive predators can Sorna realistically support?

    1. About the last part, the Tyrannosaurus was a completely different color than his father, a color which he supported as an infant, it easily could have moved parts of Sorna, but that area was probably inhabited by another Tyrannosaur pair before the Spinosaurus was bred. Now, go watch Klayton somethings video on this, it does point out these issues and more.

      1. I’ve seen Klayton’s material. A lot of the time he gets it right, but sometimes he misses things. I prefer my own head canon.

        What do you think of the JP3 Pteranodons being caged because they were the only species to be migratory?

    2. The list of dinos says that there were 6 Tyrannosaurs on Isla Sorna, which means that there could of been a split in territory and the one we see killed could of been a different Tyrannosaur from the one we saw in TLW.

  4. Wow. Jurassic has gone a long way. All of that makes so much sense. If you want a confirmation for the raptor’s feathers, go to Masrani backdoor. go to archive and write ” RUFFLED FEATHERS ” It claims the same thing. Also, the bristles on the JP3 raptors look suspiciously like the bristles on the Indominus rex. Wu must have reused that DNA. Also, there are at leased 3 types of raptors. The orange/brown ones in I and II, The colorful ones in III, and the new ones in JW who have very unique designs. (I hope In-gen cloned more than 4 raptors. I think blue needs a pack, or a mate, or at least a friend.) Scientists estimate T.rex only lives to be 30 years old. I hope Rexy is different.

    1. I hear ya, I also hope Rexy lives on, but unfortunately – I have a MASSIVE feeling that this will be her last outing.

      I mean, the title even refs it – Fallen Kingdom. I know it can be totally referring to Nublar (and it’s impending demise), but so much of Nublar is tied to Rexy in the franchise.

      It looks like Rexy makes it off the island, as seen in the cage, but i don’t think she’ll live (just my 2 cents)

      what do you guys think?

    2. I think we will see the fifth raptor that was created for Owen raptor program in JWFK. “Subject V-2” was created and cast out of the program for being too aggressive. There has also been an unknown brown raptor on some of the JWFK promotional material. It looks just like the only picture of V-2.

      1. Last seen about that raptor was that she was Rejected because of her very aggressive nature and being unpredictable. So she more then likely was killed off.

    3. “RUFFLED FEATHERS” does not work on Masrani backdoor website. It says “UNKNOWN COMMAND.”

      By the way, I am pretty disturbed that the fans/writers of DPG group decided upon emptying Isla Sorna and abandoning it and then making all the major Sorna animals extinct. Forgive me but this looks like an insult to the injuries of JP2 and JP3 fans. Do only JP1 fans matter to the filmmakers and the DPG writers?

      I personally love all the films so far and was hoping they will explore Sorna and the JP2, JP3 animals again, especially the feathered raptor pack, who are my favourite. But now they seemingly have wiped-off Isla Sorna from the franchise’s map by retroactively writing it off along with most of its principal dinosaurs as seen in those two films. I presume the JP2 T-Rex family has also been made extinct.

      If my above suspicions are correct, this is really a very, very poor way to treat the fans of JP2 and JP3. We supported the franchise but now we are being told “Only Nublar exists. deal with it or leave!” Sorry, as a die-hard fan of the franchise for 24 years straight, I couldn’t reply in a more “polite” manner.

      Forgive me for my strong words if you can but I am truly saddened at this development. But I also know that my opinions probably don’t matter.

  5. This is really fun. I’m glad universal has the outpost team running all of this. They know what Jurassic fans want to hear about.

  6. I think there are many mistakes and failures on this DPG website. They say they called fans to work on it but I think they could have researched more before they wrote those articles of ingen. I find it very difficult not to have more dinosaurs on the island Sorna , it is huge and much bigger than Nublar.

    1. I see what you mean. The lame trike part makes no sense if it’s the movie one, then it was just sick. The Gallimimus died out in seemingly 2 years in that movie, but the pop. is large enough in JW2 to be thriving, I think not.

    2. I agree with you. It’d be impractical and impossible to fit all the Sorna animals into Nublar, which already had a thriving ecosystem of its own. I wonder how could they come up with such an idea. It not only sounds stupid but also breaks my heart about Sorna and so many beautiful animals that existed there, as shown in JP2 and JP3. I can’t accept this, sorry.

  7. Wait, there were viable embryo Metriacanthosaurus in Jurassic Park, shouldn’t there have been a like completed thing or something to the genetic code seeing it was patched, and the species profile was lost on Isla Sorna, ha ha ha ha ha. Love that reference.

  8. I see what you mean. The lame trike part makes no sense if it’s the movie one, then it was just sick. The Gallimimus died out in seemingly 2 years in that movie, but the pop. is large enough in JW2 to be thriving, I think not.

  9. I’m loving the amount of care and detail put into this and the previous viral sites. Still I’m bothered they didn’t consider the Pteranodon an illegal species, since according to the third movie and the making of “The Pteranodon was one of the things Hammond’s company was doing without telling anybody about it” is said by Joe Johnston. Great work nonetheless!

    1. I like to think those Pteranodons were caged because they knew they were migratory. They are the only species we have seen so far to straight up leave either of the Islands.

  10. Chris,

    Way too much selectiveness in your assessment of the DPG website material. Let me spell it out for you.

    1. Every species listed in red on that map is EXTINCT. This isn’t up for debate. They’ve even updated the map recently to fix mistakes they made when first published. You may yet see some mention of Proceratosaurus.

    2. They don’t ever say ‘the only known extinct species are Metriacanthosaurus and Edmontosaurus’. They say some species HAVE gone extinct LIKE, and they give those 2 examples. As I mentioned above, they’ve since corrected the map and marked Metria in red, to correspond with what they had previously stated.

    3. The sum total of material is meant to paint the picture of Isla Sorna as being currently irrelevant and devoid of dinosaurs, because the story is NOT returning to that island. If there was even a single dinosaur left on the island, the DPG would be just as focused on it as it is on Nublar. But it isn’t, because that’s not the story, and the story isn’t going to address it. Instead they have TRIED to write Sorna out entirely with the content on this website. Unfortunately that isn’t enough for some people…especially those unhappy with that resolution, who seem eager to discount the material, find holes in it, and otherwise preserve their own headcanon on the situation.

    1. Their is one big plot hole I’m finding, if all the dinosaurs were taken of Sorna, where are the atleast seven other Tyrannosaurs and packs of Velociraptors, only Blue and Rexy are confirmed for there species, and that’s it. What happened to all the other dinosaurs? Their may be a few dinosaurs left on Sorna, especially if that family was in a certain, incident.

  11. Please guys, make a official timeline, using all the information from the movies, the things that Jurassic World files revealed in Masrani site and now this.

  12. I worked on a similar project for another website and community and I’m seeing the Dinosaur Protection Group fall into a similar trap of trying too hard to provide solid answers for questions that might’ve gone better without explanation.

    I do think that the site is more sidestepping the issue of Isla Sorna than fully removing it from the table, and I understand why, but I find it highly worrisome to suggest the second island will be treated as off-limits for future projects as a result.

  13. That Screenshot shown as if it was Corythosaurus Ingen File is fake. If you watch the movie you can see that the file show in that scene at the game trail is the Pachycephalosaurus, while they are aproaching the Pachy that’s being captured.

    1. Nevemind, I’ve watched it on the Bluray and it actually is a Corythosaurus. There seems to be a continuity mistake, where at the beginning of the scene it’s the Corytho’s file, then a few seconds later it’s a pachy.

  14. People I think the Sorna Island dinosaurs were not all taken to Cloud, I think this is impossible, I think some dinosaurs were removed from the island and this may have caused a big impact on the ecosystem of the dinosaurs, some may have died. It is impossible the young pteranodons of JP3 have died because in the aviary there was a patch with many fish and the herbivores fed on plants rich in lysine and the comps ate insects and carcasses and etc this is my opinion

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